D. C. Guynn, Jr.

Influence of Time Lags and Population Segment in Density-physical Parameter Relationships in White-tailed Deer

Managers and biologists have long relied on relatively inexpensive and easily collected data from hunter-harvested deer to provide information for making harvest management decisions. We sought to better understand the influence of time lags and population segment (i.e., total adult and total herd density) on the density-physical parameter relationship. Nine long-term harvest data sets (15-31 years duration, median = 26 years) were acquired from populations located across the Southeastern United States which spanned several physiographic provinces and a wide range of densities (1-32 deer/...

Year
2004

Wild Turkey Nesting Ecology in the Lower Coastal Plain of South Carolina

A population of eastern wild turkeys {Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) was studied in the lower coastal plain of South Carolina to determine if intensively managed short-rotation pine plantations have a detrimental effect on reproductive success. Reproductive parameters including nesting chronology, nest success, hen success, clutch size, and hatchability were estimated from 50 radio-instrumented hens monitored during 1988-1990. Predation during nesting and brooding periods was the major cause of nest and adult hen losses (55%). However, illegal kills were as high (45%). Median dates for...

Year
1995

Efficiency of Archery Hunting for White-tailed Deer on Medway Plantation

We conducted this study to determine efficiency of archery equipment in conjunction with tracking dogs for harvesting white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on Medway Plantation in the Coastal Plain of South Carolina. Twentytwo experienced archers hunting from elevated stands over corn feeders shot 61 deer. A tracking dog was used whenever deer did not fall within sight of the hunter (41 of the 61 deer shot). Immediately following each hunt, the hunter completed a questionnaire to determine equipment used, shot conditions, and deer reaction. We recovered 60 of the 61 deer shot (98%)...

Year
1995

Territorial Behavior of Beaver in the Piedmont of South Carolina.

Territorial behavior of beaver (Castor canadensis) has not been well documented in the Southeast. Study of this behavioral mechanism may lead to methods which may aid in the control of nuisance beavers in economic and environmentally sensitive areas. Territorial behavior was evaluated for beaver in 4 study areas in the Piedmont of South Carolina by monitoring scent marking and movements of adjacent colonies. Scent marking was observed during January 1982 to June 1985 on 1 area with high (≥ 0.8 beavers/ha) and 3 areas with low densities (≤0.3/ ha), of beaver. Beaver (N = 9) from 2 adjacent...

Year
1994

Ear Tag Loss in Gray Squirrels and Fox Squirrels

Wildlife population studies that involve marking of animals assume that the "mark" will remain with the animal for the duration of the study. Violations of this assumption may contribute to biased estimates of population parameters. Thirty-six gray squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) and 16 fox squirrels (S. niger) were marked with ear tags and toe-clipped to study ear tag loss in these species. Fortynine percent of all squirrels lost at least 1 ear tag, whereas 15% lost both tags. Fox squirrels lost ear tags at twice the rate of gray squirrels. Female fox squirrels lost ear tags at a rate...

Year
1994

Wild Turkey Food Habits in Pine Plantations in South Carolina

A total of 1,576 wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) droppings (650 male and 926 female) was collected from 1 January-31 December 1989 on Westvaco's Oswald Unit located in Jasper County, South Carolina. This Unit is made up of loblolly pine plantations (77%), natural pine stands (10%), hardwood stands (5%), and open, nonforested areas (8%). Fecal analysis was used to determine food habitats. Forty-six food stuffs were identified, and there were no significant differences (P > 0.05) in food items by sex. Panicum sp., Ilex glabra, Myrica cerifera, Paspalum sp., Rubus sp., Vaccinium sp.,...

Year
1993

Activity and Habitat Utilization of Beaver Colonies in South Carolina

Movements, primary use areas, activity periods, and habitat use were evaluated for beaver (Castor canadensis) from 2 adjacent colonies, a stream colony, and a lake colony in the Piedmont of South Carolina. Beaver were monitored from February 1983 through March 1984. Minimum total distance moved by individual beaver ranged from 0.26 to 6.83 km. Distance between extreme locations ranged from 0.08 to 1.86 km. Lake colony beaver movements exceeded those of stream colony beaver. Beaver were more active during fall and winter months. Areas frequented by beaver ranged from 10.95 ha to 14.67 ha....

Year
1993

Forest Industry Hunt-lease Programs in the Southern United States: 1989

Selected characteristics of forest industry hunt-lease programs were evaluated for 11 southern states in 1989. Mail questionnaires were returned by 62 (70%) of 89 landowners. The respondents reported owning 8.7 million ha of which 6.5 million ha (75%) were leased for hunting. The weighted average lease fee received was $5.31 per ha, a 60% increase from 1984 as reported by Busch and Guynn (1988). Additionally, respondents reported that public relations had a relative value equal to the lease fee and access control had a relative value of 1.45 times the lease fee. The total value of leasing...

Year
1992

Response of Wild Turkey Hens to Bear Hunting in Western North Carolina

Movements of eastern wild turkey hens (Meleagris gallapavo silvestris) were monitored using radio telemetry on the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory in Western North Carolina during 1985-87. Turkeys (N = 15) responded to the use of dogs for bear hunting by temporarily abandoning portions of their established home ranges and relocating to unhunted areas during the 2-month season. Hens returned to abandoned areas soon after hunting ceased and when dogs were not used for hunting. No mortality of turkeys was detected during bear season. The rapid return of hens to former ranges suggests that...

Year
1990

Boundary-strip Width for Density Estimation Based on Telemetric Locations

The mean maximum distance moved (MMDM) of a southern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger niger) population during a l2-day trapping period was compared between radiotelemetry and capture location data. MMDMs derived from capture locations averaged 51% less than MMDMs derived from telemetric locations. In addition, tests of MMDMs based on capture locations failed to detect a difference between sexes, whereas MMDMs based on telemetric locations indicated a significant difference. Density estimates of the fox squirrel population were calculated using MMDM/2 as an estimate of boundary-strip width (W)...

Year
1990