Arkansas residents and personnel of the U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission reported 1,253 observations of black bear (Ursus americanus) and signs of their activity from 1976 through 1980. Cub:sow ratios ranged from 1.85 to 2.18 and averaged 2.06. Percent cubs observed ranged from 19.6 to 23.6 and averaged 22.4. Nuisance bear complaints increased during this period. Survey techniques and implications for present and future black bear management are discussed.