Larry D. Pharris

Preliminary Evaluation of Ruffed Grouse Restoration Efforts in Arkansas

Ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus) restoration efforts were initiated in Arkansas in 1981, with the relocation of 50 wild-trapped birds from Cumberland Gap National Historical Park in Virginia to a release site in Newton County, Arkansas, along the Buffalo National River. In 1982, restoration efforts continued with the release of 67 Wild-trapped grouse captured in Virginia and Minnesota. These birds were released on the Buffalo National River site and on the Ozark National Forest in Johnson County. Population monitoring, particularly winter censuses and spring drumming surveys, documented...


Evaluation of Black Bear survey Data in Arkansas, 1976-1980

Arkansas residents and personnel of the U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission reported 1,253 observations of black bear (Ursus americanus) and signs of their activity from 1976 through 1980. Cub:sow ratios ranged from 1.85 to 2.18 and averaged 2.06. Percent cubs observed ranged from 19.6 to 23.6 and averaged 22.4. Nuisance bear complaints increased during this period. Survey techniques and implications for present and future black bear management are discussed.