Steven L. Marple

Monitoring Free Copper to Determine Application Rates of Copper Sulfate: A Case Study

Algae infestations are a common problem in catfish culture ponds. To treat filamentous algae, frequent applications of copper sulfate are necessary. Free copper is toxic to fish, and its concentration is dependent on a variety of factors such as its reaction with carbonate ions, absorption by phytoplankton, and temperature. The Frankfort Fish Hatchery has been using a colorimeter to measure the concentration of free copper ion after the application of copper sulfate to ponds stocked with blue catfish and channel catfish fingerlings. The use of the colorimeter allows managers to determine...