Patrick R. Parrish

Hexachlorobenzene: Effects on Several Estuarine Animals

Tests were conducted to determine (1) the acute (96-hour) toxicity of hexachlofobenzene (HCD) to pink shrimp (Penaeus duorarum), grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio), sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegalus) and pinfish (lAgodon rhomboides) and (2) the rate of HCD uptake and depuration by pinfish. Hexachlorobenzene was not acutely toxic to any of the animals tested at measured concentrations in sea water to 25 ug/1. However, both species of shrimps in the highest HeB concentration were lethargic as compared to controls and exhibited an uncharacteristically white hepatopancreas at the end of...

Year
1974

Endrin: Effects on Several Estuarine Organisms

Acute (96-hour) bioassays were performed with endrin and the following estuarine organisms: American oyster (Crassostrea virginica), pink shrimp (Penaeus duorarum), grass shrimp (Palaemanete's pugio). sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna) and sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus). Endrin was acutely toxic to all organisms tested, except oysters, whose shell growth was appreciably inhibited by 56 ug/1 (parts per billion) of the chemical. Pink shrimp were the most sensitive animal tested, but significant numbers of both species of shrimps and fishes died when exposed 10 concentrations of...

Year
1974

Dieldrin: Effects on Several Estuarine Organisms

Tests were conducted to determine (1) the acute toxicity of dieldrin in flowing sea water to American oysters (Crassostrea virginica), pink shrimp (Penaeus duorarum), grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio) and sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus) and (2) the rate of dieldrin uptake and depuration by spot (Leiostomus xanthurus). Acute (96-hour) EC50's were: oysters, 12.5 ug/1; pink shrimp, 0.9 ug/l; grass shrimp, 11.4 ug/1; and sheepshead minnows 23.6 ug/I. Spot exposed to 0.0135,0.075,0.135,0.75 or 1.35 ug/l for 35 days accumulated the chemical with maximum concentrations attained in II...

Year
1973

A Respirometer For Determining The Effect Of Pesticides And Related Pollutants On Oxygen Consumption Of Estuarine Fishes

A continuous-flow respirometer was constructed to measure the effect of pesticides and related pollutants on oxygen consumption of estuarine fishes. The parts of the respirometer in contact with pollutants were constructed of glass and teflon for efficiency in cleaning. Filtered, irradiated sea water of constant temperature and salinity was gravity-fed through ten experimental and ten control respiration chambers in which individual fish were held. Flow rates through the chambers were controlled by stopcocks and measured by flowmeters; dissolved oxygen was determined by the Winkler method...

Year
1971