Mac A. Callaham

Effects Of Antimycin On Plankton Populations And Benthic Organisms

One phase of an evaluation of antimycin as a piscicide in ten ponds and lakes in the Southeast involved a study of its effect on plankton and bottom organisms. Net zooplankton in the groups Cladocera, Copepoda, Rototaria and nauplii larvae were enumerated before and after the application of 5.0 ppb antimycin. All groups were severely reduced and some disappeared following the treatment. Bottom organisms in the groups Tendipedidae, Ceratopogonidae and Culicidae were enumerated. Bottom organisms in these groups did not disappear following antimycin applications. Probably reasons are...


An Evaluation Of Antimycin As A Selective Bluegill Toxicant Under Varying Conditions Of pH

The TLm for bluegill and redear sunfish was determined in the laboratory using standard bioassay procedure and water from two sources. A considerably larger concentration of antimycin was required to kill fish of the same size under field conditions. Probable reasons are discussed. Selective kills of bluegill and redear were attempted in the field under pH values ranging from 6.4 to 9.6. The antimycin concentration required under these various conditions is discussed. Total kills following selective kills showed size selectivity as well as species selectivity.