Eugene L. Torrans

Effect of Increased Egg Stocking Density in Existing and Experimental Catfish Incubators

Channel catfish egg masses are typically incubated in stationary wire mesh baskets suspended in metal troughs with flow-through water that is agitated and circulated between the baskets and around the eggs with rotating paddles. A limiting factor in the successful incubation of channel catfish egg masses is the absorption of oxygen by the developing embryos; low levels of dissolved oxygen in the water result in premature hatching and increased fry mortality. We modified and tested a vertical-lift incubator (the “See-Saw”) for incubating channel catfish egg masses. Both the See-Saw and...


Effect of Calcium Hardness on Channel, Blue, and Channel x Blue Catfish Hybrids

The aquifer that supplies water to most channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) hatcheries in the Yazoo Basin of the Mississippi River flood plain in west-central Mississippi has a hardness of <10 mg/liter as CaCO3. Calcium hardness <10 mg/liter is known to reduce survival and growth of catfish sac and swim-up fry, but effects of low hardness on fingerling growth and survival have not been determined. We examined the effects of hardness (5 mg/liter and 67 mg/liter as CaCO3) on survival and growth of fingerling (2.0-3.2 g initial weight) channel catfish (USDA-103 line), blue catfish (I...


Commercial Polyculture of Bigmouth Buffalo and Channel Catfish in Oklahoma

Bigmouth buffalo (Ictiobus cyprinellus) in 1.6-ha commercial channel catfish ponds fed entirely on zooplankton did not use demand feeders. Catfish ponds with buffalo stocked at 14 to 125 fish/ha had an average zooplankton density of 14 ml/m3 , as compared to 57 mlIm3 in catfish monoculture ponds. At a stocking rate of 500 buffalo/ha, 681 kg/ha of buffalo were produced in addition to the catfish crop.