Habitat Structure and Woody Debris in Southern Appalachian Wilderness Streams

Stream habitat and large woody debris (LWD) loadings were inventoried in 2 southern Appalachian wilderness streams by the basinwide visual estimation technique. Little Santeetlah Creek, in a wilderness watershed that has never been harvested, contained 4 times as much wood and nearly twice as many habitat units (e.g., pools and riffles) as did Lost Cove Creek in a forested watershed, typical of the southern Appalachians, that was clearcut 80 years ago. Where stream widths were similar, pools and riffles in Little Santeetlah were smaller and more numerous than in Lost Cove Creek. Naturally occurring LWD influenced the structure and configuration of habitat in southern Appalachian Mountain streams.

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