Management Of Highways For Wildlife In The Central Appalachians

A 10-year study of interrelationships between highways and wildlife was conducted to determine potential management options and to identify areas where further research is needed. Management of highways for wildlife is divided into 3 phases: geographic location, design, and maintenance. Specific recommendations are: (1) create wetlands adjacent to highways by using highway base as a dam, (2) design bridges to attract birds such as swallows, but to repel birds such as starlings, (3) mow cover crops at 3-5 year intervals, (4) seed woody species, using native plants, at time of construction, (5) initiate a public education program to explain benefits of managing highways for wildlife, and (6) use management practices to mitigate losses where adverse impacts due to highways cannot be prevented.

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