The creation of lentic habitats in Texas by reservoir construction provided the impetus for the establishment and management of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) fisheries. Concurrently, many underlying societal factors and advancement in fishing technology helped focus the utilization of these fisheries. Just as Texas was experiencing a boom in new reservoir construction and angling opportunities, the population was becoming urbanized with more free time and money and better baits, boats, rods, reels and electronics were being developed. Competitive bass angling became well established, Florida largemouth bass (M. s. floridanus) stocking programs expanded, and bass management philosophy changed from being focused on harvest to catch-and-release. Presentation summarized information on how these factors combined to create a renowned recreational fishery which has a huge impact on the Texas economy.