Specialization is a needed law enforcement function and strategy to combat white-collar criminal activity involving natural resources. Increased state and federal management concerns of living natrual resources have led to a dramatic increase in law enforcement responsibilities. Effective enforcement of all regulations is integral to the management process to protect, conserve, and maintain sustainable levels of living natural resources. State and federal resource regulations mandate a comprehensive and specialized compliance program. Comprehensive and specialized programs will maximize existing resources ultimately benefiting the public and the living natural resources.