Biology of a Feral Hog Population in South Central Florida

Ninety-three feral hogs (Sus serofa) collected from July 1978 through June 1979 on the Fisheating Creek Wildlife Refuge in Glades County, Florida, were examined for physical condition, food habits, and reproductive status. Wild hog food habits were determined largely by food availability and nutritional requirements, which changed seasonally. Hogs collected on the study area were in better condition with regard to internal fat during fall and winter but appeared to be under greater stress during these periods as determined by adrenal weights. Farrowing peaks occurred after availability of acorn mast in the fall and "spring green-up." We hypothesize that sustained yield of wild hogs may best be achieved through late summer and early fall harvest.

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