Movements of White-tailed Deer in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia

Seasonal movements and total range areas were smaller (P < 0.01) for radio-collared female white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) live-captured along the Skyline Drive corridor of Shenandoah National Park, Virginia (roadside areas of mowed grass and abutting mixed oak-hardwood forest) than for radio-collared females captured in more remote backcountry areas of the Park (mixed oak-hardwood forest >1 km from Skyline Drive). Mean total range areas were 444 ha (SE = 181 ha, N = 3) for females captured on the Drive, and 879 ha (SE = 443 ha, N = 4) for females captured in the backcountry. Mean total range areas were smaller (P < 0.05) for radio-collared males captured in the backcountry areas, x = 1,586 ha (SE = 797 ha, N = 3) than for radio-collared males captured on Skyline Drive, x = 1,846 ha (SE = 49 ha, N = 2). However, there was no difference (P > 0.5) in their mean seasonal ranges. Females moved along Skyline Drive throughout the year to utilize mowed grass forage, but males were located along the Drive primarily when does were in estrus.

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