Winter populations of American woodcock ( Philohela minor) in coastal South Carolina were concentrated in cypress-gum (Taxodium-Nyssa) swamps and flood plains and along the margins of ponds in pine (Pinus) stands and clearcuts. Flushing rates varied from 0 to 6 flushes per man-hour in the field based on 303.4 man-hours of hunting. The winter population began to increase in mid-December, was highest in mid-January, and was low by late-February. Age and sex ratios were largely skewed towards the immature female segment of the population. Earthworms made up 64% of the aggreate volume of 122 proventriculi. DOE, Mirex, and PCB's were the main pollutant residues found in the abdominal fat of 41 birds although these were at lower levels than previously reported.