Knowledge levels and levels of activities involving animals were measured in 1315 eighth graders in Broward County, Florida. These variables were statistically compared with consumptive and non-consumptive resource orientations. Non-consumptive orientations toward wildlife characterized a majority of the population and were significantly associated with level of knowledge. Relationships between knowledge and consumptive orientations were mixed. Frequency of participation in animal related activities was significantly associated with knowledge and both consumptive and nonconsumptive resource orientations. Attitudes towards hunting and knowledge are also examined. The results indicate that while knowledge and the frequency of animal activities are significantly associated with resource orientations, the strength of the associations are low indicating that other factors are operational.