A Reevaluation Of The History Of Pronghorn Abundance In West Texas

Historical documents concerning occurrence, distribution and abundance of pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) in West Texas are full of information pertinent to wildlife managers. These sources indicate the decline of pronghorn was directly caused by human settlement of antelope range. These data show that pre-settlement antelope populations in the Panhandle and Permian Basin were greater than those in the TransPecos District. Development of surface water seems to have favored the reestablishment of populations in the Trans-Pecos, whereas intensive agriculture is limiting the return of antelope in the Panhandle and Permian Basin.

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