Fines In Wildlife Law Enforcement

MQnetary fines have been routinely assessed wildlife law violators for almost 2 centuries in the United States. Due to the humanizing of statutory law, sanctions for wildlife law violations have progressed from mutilation and deportation to monetary fines and short-term confinement. Misdemeanor case material compiled in recent years suggests that sanctions may have some deterrent effectwhen the certainty ofimposition is reasonably high. It is suggested that most wildlife law transgressions be referred to as "violations" and not "crimes." The ability to make conceptually feasible and statistically valid statements about hypothesized relationships between violation rates, certainty of apprehension, and severity of sanctions will ultimately depend on each agency's willingness to develop a program of planned research.

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