Tests of Repellents to Protect Loblolly Seedlings from Browsing by White-Tailed Deer

Repellents were tested in 1970 in an effort to control white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianusl damage to plantea loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) seedlings on areas converted from mature pine with hardwood understory to large even-aged pine plantations. Test sites represented various site preparation methods that, after planting, were receiving extensive deer damage in Sumter County, Alabama. The most promising chemical deer repellents, according to previous studies, and two non-chemical deterrents (plastic bags and clipped seedlings) were tested In this study, Arasan, Z.I.P., andZAC were found to be effective treatments. Plastic bags and copper carbonate were even more effective, but the labor involved in the use of plastic bags were prohibitive and copper carbonate had a toxic effect on young pine seedlings. The clipped seedling treatment prevented deer from pulling these seedlings out of the ground. Seedlings treated with Arasan, Z.I.P., and ZAC had the best survival after two growing seasons.

Publication date
Starting page
Ending page