Relative abundances ofgray squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis), fox squirrels (Sciurus niger), and swamp rabbits (Sylvilagus aquaticus) were determined in three main forest types of the A tchafalaya River Basin. Squirrel observations and rabbit fecal pellets were used to index population densities. Squirrel abundance varied by overstory type (P<0.0l) and was highest in bottomland hardwoods (CeltisFraxinus- Liquidambar-Ulmus). A significant difference was not indicated between squirrel densities in cypress-tupelo (Taxodium-Nyssa) or cottonwood-willow-sycamore (Populus-Salix-Platanus). Rabbit abundance varied by overstory type (P<0.0l) with highest densities in bottomland hardwoods and lowest densities in cypress-tupelo.