An investigation of factors influencing gobbling of adult and juvenile eastern wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) was conducted in 1972 and 1973 in the Western Piedmont of South Carolina. General gobbling activity was monitored and individual gobbling behavior was studied. Five adult and seven juvenile gobblers were individually monitored on 24 mornings during the study in order to ascertain specific information on gobbling characteristics. Gobbling intensity of adult and juvenile gobblers was compared. Influences of weather on gobbling were evaluated. Data on changes in availability of hens and social structure of the gobbler population were discussed. The initiation and duration of gobbling was calculated for those gobblers regularly monitored.