For transfer of fingerling fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) from spawning ponds to growing ponds, the optimum combination of brood-fish population density and sex ratio in the spawning pond was 19,200 fish per surface acre and five females to one male. Fingerling production from this combination amounted to 1,524,500 fish. Fathead minnows utilized spawning boards placed up to 5 ft deep, and they also utilized boards placed without reference to the substrate. Larger nest sites encouraged larger egg deposits. Nests were crowded together as effectively by restricting available nest sites as by providing visual isolation or territorial markings. Post-spawning mortality of adults ranged from 20% to 91% with higher survival of females than males.